Sunday, April 7, 2019

DBQ- minorities in world war II Essay Example for Free

DBQ- minorities in world contend II EssayThe following question requires you to write a coherent assay incorporating your interpretation of the documents and your knowledge of the period specified in the question. To earn a high score you atomic number 18 required to cite key pieces of evidence from the documents and draw on your knowledge of the period. It is often claimed that the major Ameri cease wars of the last 150 years accommodate endpointed in the most important social and political gains of minorities and women. pronounce this statement with regard to the experience of minorities and women during World contend II. Use evidence from the documents and your knowledge of the period from 1941 to 1945 to entrap your answer.Brigadier General B. 0. Davis to General Peterson, 9 November 1943 (Brigadier Davis had just completed an inspection of military bases in Massachusetts, sensitive York, New Jersey and Michigan)I was deeply impressed with the high morale and attitu des of the drear officers and soldiers stationed in the states visited in the past two months. They were so different from those of the colored officers and soldiers located in the Southern states. While at that place has been an improvement in general conditions, there is still great dissatisfaction and discouragement on the part of the colored bulk and the soldiers. They feel that, regardless of how much they strive to meet struggle Department requirements, there is no change in the attitude of the War Department. The colored officers and soldiers feel that they are denied the protection and rewards that ordinarily result from good behavior and proper performance of duty.. The Press news items and reports of investigations show that there has been teentsy change in the attitudes of civil communities in Southern states. The colored man in uniform receives zippo precisely hostility from community officials. The colored man in uniform is expected by the WarDepartment to deve lop a high morale in a community that offers him nothing but humiliation and mistreatment. Military training does not develop a spirit of cheerful acceptance of Jim-Crow laws and customs. The War Department has failed to secure to the colored soldier protection against violence on the part of civilian law of nature and to secure justice in the courts in communities near-by to Southern stations. In the areas recently inspected, the colored soldier feels that he can secure justice in the civil courts. He has not been set upon by the civilian police. He has not been denied the privilege of occupying empty seats in public buses, street cars, etc. taxicabs to avail him. This is not so in Southern communities.President Roosevelt, Executive Order 9066, February 25, 1942Whereas the successful prosecution of the war requires every possible protection against espionage and against sabotage to matter-defense material, national-defense premises, and national defense utilities.I hereby author ize and submit the Secretary of War, and the Military Commanders whom he may from time to time designate, whenever he or any designated commander deems such action necessary or desirable, to prescribe military areas in such places and of such expiration as he or the appropriate Military Commander may determine, from which any or any persons may be excluded, and with respect to which, the right of any person to enter, remain in, or leave shall be subject to whatever restrictions the Secretary of War or the appropriate Military Commander may visit in his discretion.Korematsu v. United States, 1944. Mr. Justice Murphy, dissentingThis exclusion of all persons of Japanese ancestry, both alien and non-alien, from the pacific Coast area on a plea of military necessity inthe absence of soldierlike law ought not to be approved. Such exclusion goes over the very brink of intact violence and falls into the ugly abyss of racism.Individuals must not be left impoverished of their constit utional rights on a plea of military necessity that has neither substance nor support.Being an obvious racial discrimination, the straddle deprives all those within its scope of the equal protection of the laws as guaranteed by the Fifth Amendment. It further deprives these individuals of their constitutional rights to live and work where they will, to establish a home where they choose and to move about freely. In excommunicating them without social welfare of hearings, this show also deprives them of all their constitutional rights to procedural due process. Yet no reasonable congener to an immediate, imminent, and impending public danger is evident to support this racial restriction which is one of the most sweeping and complete deprivations of constitutional rights in the history of this nation in the absence of martial lawinterpreter Rankin, Mississippi, February 18, 1942I know the helloan Islands. I know the Pacific coast where these Japanese reside. Even though they may be the third or fourth generation of Japanese, we cannot trust them. I know that those areas are teeming with Japanese spies and fifth columnists. Once a Jap always a Jap.You cannot change him. You cannot establish a silk purse out of a sows ear.Do not for posit that once a Japanese always a Japanese. I say it is of vital importance that we getrid of every Japanese whether in Hawaii or on the mainland. They violate every sacred promise, every canon of honor and decency. This was evidenced in their diplomacy and in their bombing of Hawaii. These Japs who had been there for generations were making signs, if you please, guiding the Japanese planes to the objects of their inequity inorder that they might destroy our naval vessels, murder our soldiers and sailors, and blow to pieces the helpless women and children of Hawaii. Damn them Let us get rid of them nowFranklin D. Roosevelt, Fireside Chat on the Home Front, October 12, 1942In order to keep stepping up our production, we wee-we e had to add millions of workers to the total labor force of the Nation. And as new factories come into operation, we must maintain additional millions of workers. This presents a formidable problem in the mobilization of manpower. It is not that we do not have enough people in this country to do the job. The problem is to have the right numbers of people in the right place at the right time.In some communities, employers dislike to employ women. In others they are reluctant to hire Negroes. In still others, older men are not wanted. We can no longer afford to indulge such prejudices or practices.Women are welders sic discuss the production of motor mounts and welded parts in a welding booth at the Inglewood, Calif., plant of North American Aviation, Inc. 1942. theme Archives and Records Administration.President Roosevelt, Executive Order 8802, June 25, 1941WHEREAS it is the policy of the United States to encourage full union in the national defense program by all citizens of the United States, regardless of race, creed, color, or national origin, in the firm belief that the democratic way of life within the Nation can be defended successfully only with the help and support of all groups within its bordersWHEREAS there is evidence that available and needed workers have been barred from trading in industries engaged in defense production solely because of considerations of race, creed, color, or national origin, to the detriment of workers morale and of national unityNOW, THEREFORE, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the arrangement and the statutes, and as a prerequisite to the successful conduct of our national defense production effort, I do hereby reaffirm the policy of the United States that there shall be no discrimination in the employment of workers in defense industries or government because of race, creed, color, or national origin, and I do hereby withstand that it is the duty of employers and of labor organizations, in furtherance of s aid policy and of this order, to provide for the full and equitable participation of all workers in defense industries, without discrimination because of race, creed, color, or national origin

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