Friday, December 27, 2019

An Evaluation With A Clear Gender Shown With Unconscious...

Introduction Implicit biases refer to a series of terms related with unconscious prejudiced judgment and attitude. Previous studies showed people’s behaviours may be influenced by implicit biases (Moss-Racusin, Dovidio, Brescoll, Graham Handelsman, 2012), as well as the way people perceive and evaluate others (Michael, 2016). In long history, a number of evidences showed that women were in a disadvantage situation in science. For example, women were often undervalued like having poor scientific ability, and hardly got a scientific job compared to male peers (Steinpreis, Anders and Ritzke, 1999). Even though nowadays there was an obvious decreasing tendency on gender bias resulted of the education of gender difference and equality (Moss-Racusin et al., 2012), women were still disadvantaged in academic recruitment and promotion. For instance, there was not obvious change on the percentage of women workers, although the number of whole workers significantly increased (Nielsen, 2016). Thus, i nvestigating the question whether there is a difference in evaluation with a clear gender shown may be helpful to future academic evaluation and gender equality. Researches have shown that male scientific job applicants were more likely to be seen as competent than women (Moss-Racusin et al., 2012; Steinpreis et al., 1999). According to feedbacks of students’ application materials (actually materials was developed by academic science researchers), Moss-Racusin et al. (2012) found that

No comments:

Post a Comment