Wednesday, May 15, 2019

What role should the media play in a democratic society What might Essay

What utilisation should the media comprise in a egalitarian society What might prevent the media playing this role in Britain today - Essay ExampleThe role of the media in any democracy is a concept that dates way back to the 17th century. The media was referred to then as the fourth estate, and today is being seen much as the fourth arm of government after the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. The media is being increasingly viewed as an constitutive(a) part of democracy which the latter cannot turn tail properly without (Lichtenberg, 1991, 21). The media of course refers to all the means of mass intercourse including the press, radio, television and lately the internet (Oxford English Dictionary). It is the means by which mass communication has been attained, sometimes instantaneously, for a long period of time. The media continues to shape dispersal of information, opinion and attitude formation today as it has through and through for over three centuries (Lich tenberg, 1991, 23). This paper sets out to describe the role that the media should play in a democratic society and factors that may prevent the media from playing that role in modern day Britain. The media plays the primary role of a watchdog and guardian of the public bet in the conduct of public affairs. It is also an all important(p) conduit of information among the regulators and the governed (Coronel, 2010, 1). This means that there would literally be a breakdown of communication between the governors and the governed without the media. The governors have a tendency to communicate to the public entirely that which they believe is fit for public consumption and holding back the truth whenever it suits them. The media comes in handy in such situations to expose the information that the governor would wish to sweep under the carpet in order to avoid public disapproval or embarrassment. In this way the media performs two important basic functions (Center for Democracy, 1999, 3). The first role is to ensure that citizens make sensible choices by getting access to relevant, truthful and relevant information on issues that directly or indirectly affect their lives. This cannot be possible if they be only subjected to information the government feels it can relay to them. IF they only rely on official sources to gain access, they are likely to act on the basis of ignorance or misinformation, which inevitably leads to the wrong choices (Center for Democracy, 1999, 3). Secondly, proper conveyance of information serves as a check on leadership to watch their excesses in the form of go badion, exploitation or even crime. Officials tend to act in their egotism interest even if such interests go against the law and their oaths of office, if nothing is done to check their conduct. This watchdog function of the media is therefore important in ensuring that the leaders only make those decisions that are in the public interest rather than serving only their paro chial whims (Center for Democracy, 1999, 3). In order to play its role effectively the media peculiarly focuses on important facets of governance, the economy, public education, infrastructural and social development, internal and international relations, human interest issues, public discussions, relaxation and consensus building and control of their own internal operations. Without balancing these important tenets, the media itself may become a victim of its own parochialism or pettiness that puts its operations within reproach (Lewis, 2005, 70). On governance the media has been known to play a great role in putting governors in constant check. This is mainly done through investigative reporting. Journalists usually do their best, sometimes at great risk to life and limb, to expose issues that are otherwise covered up by the leadership. Such issues include involvement in shady and corrupt deals (Lewis, 2005, 72). In the UK such investigations by the Telegraph in 2009 revealed t he involvement of members of parliament in false bills claims of expenses and allowances to the exchequer which resulted in loses of substantial amounts of tax payers money (The Daily Telegraph). This resulted in the resignation of several legislators, sackings, de-selections and

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