Wednesday, April 3, 2019
Overview of Negative Effects of Stress
Overview of damaging Effects of underscoreSantelices, Marian R.There atomic number 18 banish cause of song in the delirious, mental, and physiologic stateIntroductionChronic puree floods the brain with powerful hormones that ar meant for short-term emergency situations. Chronic moving-picture show behind damage, shrink, and kill brain cells (Wallenstein, 2003).Stress can affect an single(a)s wellness atomic number 82 to an array of diseases that affects the mental, emotional and physical benefit of an individual and can result to emotional, mental, and physical illnesses.DiscussionNegative do of try in the emotional state emotion and motivation be often tied with each other. Our actions are often motivated with emotions. Emotions are do up of four integral components physiological arousal, cognitive processes, demeanoural answers, and affect. In Plutchiks Emotion Wheel, it is said that there are viii primary human emotions that are made up of four pairs of oppo sites acceptance and disgust, fear and anger, surprise and anticipation, sadness and joy. According to the James-Lange theory, physiological responses are triggered by the environmental stimuli from the viscera and muscle movements. Recent evidence has shown that emotions are approximately the same but not alike with physiological changes. Yet, there is a little evidence showing that people can determine patterns of potent and physiological prove. The Schachter-Singer theory is the combination of both James-Lange and Cannon-Bard theories. According to Schachter-Singer theory, there is a double cognitive interpretation where emotions rely Appraisal of the emotion-causing event and military rating of physiological process in our bodies. Solomon and Corbits opponent-process theory suggests that when an emotional equilibrium is disrupted, an opponent-process activates to restore balance in ones emotional state. draw out exposure to stimuli weakens the initial emotional reaction (Pa rker and Ettinger, 2010a).Stress and emotion has a powerful relationship. According to Selyes observation that if render is not reduced, terce state of exhaustion will be entered by organisms, showing signs of draw in and wear, and prone to diseases. (Parker and Ettinger, 2010b).Stress can lead to dysfunction. It may result in depression or anxiety. Feeling depressed is a common reaction towards stress. If these symptoms are temporary, it may be the reflection of the ups and downs in life. However, if stress is prolonged, it can lead to psychological problems. Physiological and psychological conditions when anxiety and stress is not treated early phobias, anxiety disorder, amnesia, and multiple personality (Bressert, 2006).The connection betwixt mood and stress is complicated. Stress is linked with mood and health. People with economic crisis self-esteem and social relationship problems are prone to have an accession in somatic and psychological problems. Mood disturbance and illness is a result of people with low psychosocial support (DeLongis, Folkman, and Lazarus, 1988).Negative effects of stress in the mental stateThe University of California, Berkeley, researchers demonstrated that chronic stress produces changes in the brain that explains the reason why people experiencing chronic stress are likely to experience mental problems early in life much(prenominal) as mood disorders and anxiety. Doctors know that people with illnesses that are related to stress have brain abnormalities, including the differences between the amount of discolor content and white-haired(a) matter. Neurons which keep and process information and support cells is called Glia and is what gray matter is made up of. On the other hand, white matter is made up of axons that have network of fibers that interconnect neurons. The white fatty bulb sheath surrounding the axon is where white matter got its name. Daniela Kaufer, UC Berkeley associate prof of integrative biology, her c olleagues, together with graduate students Aaron Freidman and Sundari Chetty, found out that chronic stress creates big number of myelin-producing cells and small number of neurons than normal. Excess myelin and white matter make changes to the communication and balance in the brain. (Chetty, Friedman, Lahn, Kirby, Mirescu, Guo,and Kaufer, 2014).Mental responses to stress include distractibility, unable to concentrate, depression, irritability, and anger (Parker and Ettinger, 2010c).Negative effects of stress in the physical stateResearch established that stress leads to health disorders including traumatic events. The impacts of trauma in the psychological are long term and insubordinate for treatments. The psychological impact of trauma leads to physical illness. The physiological arousal triggers the disqualifying of functioning. In consequence, an individual cannot return to baseline activities such as occupational and social functioning. Trauma can damage ones physical and ps ychological functioning (Andrea, Sharma, Zelechoski, and Spinazzola, 2011).Response of an individual towards stress may move over to coronary spunk disease. Type A people especially those with vulturine or hostile personality are prone to coronary union disease that Type B people, who are easygoing, not driven to earn perfection and are more relaxed. People with Type A behavior are prone to develop hypertension (Parker and Ettinger, 2010d).There are negative effects of stress in the emotional, mental, and physical stateConclusion elongated exposure to stress can affect an individuals health, leading to an array of diseases that affects the cognitive, emotional and physical well-being of an individual, such as, coronary heart disease, depression, moodiness, memory problems andEspecially affected is our brain, the hippocampus, which regulates our memory and emotions and how it plays in various emotional disorders with long-lasting changes in brain structure, that are unraveled by researchers.ReferencesParker, M., Ettinger, R.H. (2010). Understanding psychology (3rd ed.). 410 Hemsted Dr, Redding, CA 96002, United States. BVT PublishingDeLongis, A., Folkman, S., Lazarus, R.S.(1988). The impact of stress on health and mood Psychological and social resources as mediators. Journal of personality and psychology, Vol. 54(3), 486-495, Retrieved from http//www.apa.orgChetty, S., Friedman, A.R., Taravosh-Lahn, K., Kirby, E.D., Mirescu, C., Guo, F.,Kaufer, D.(2014). Stress and glucocorticoids promote oligodendrogenesis in the adult hippocampus. Molecular Psychiatry 19, 1275-1283. DOI10.1038/mp.2013.190 physical Health Problems After SingleTrauma Exposure When Stress Takes reconcile in the systemWendy DAndrea1, Ritu Sharma2, Amanda D. Zelechoski3, andJoseph Spinazzola4Andrea, W.D., Sharma, R., Zelechoski, A.D., Spinazzola, J.(2011). Physical Health Problems After SingleTrauma Exposure When Stress Takes Root in the Body. Journal of the American PsychiatricNurses Ass ociation 17(6) 378392. DOI 10.1177/1078390311425187Bressert, S. (2006). The Impact of Stress. Psych Central. Retrieved from http//psychcentral.com/lib/the-impact-of-stress/000104Wallenstein, Gene. 2003. Mind, Stress, and Emotion The New Science of Mood. Boston, MA Commonwealth Press.