Tuesday, February 11, 2014

DNA Microarray Technology. Basics of the DNA chips. Applications of DNA chips.

deoxyribonucleic blistery MICROARRAY TECHNOLOGY One of the most exciting nucleic acid analysis techniques is microarrays or DNA chips. They provide a radically different approach to large-scale analysis and qualification of divisors and gene locution patterns. A microarray inhabit of an ordered arrangement of hundreds or thousands of DNA sequences such as oligonucleotides or cDNAs deposited onto a square rally approximately 1,2 x 1,2 cm. The microarray technique is based on crossbreed of nucleic acids. Sequence complementarity provides the hybridization between two single-stranded nucleic acid molecules, one of which is immobilized on a matrix. There be two variants of the chips; cDNA microarrays and oligonucleotides arrays. Both of them ass be utilise to analyze gene expression patterns, only there are important differences between them. They differ in the size of the arrayed nucleic acids. In cDNA microarrays, long DNA molecules are immobilized by high-speed robot s on a solid surface such as membranes, glass or silicon chips. ensample DNAs are amplified by PCR and usually are longer than snow nucleotides. This type of arrays is apply mostly for large-scale screening and expression studies. The oligonucleotide arrays are active either by in situ light-directed chemical substance deduction or by conventional synthesis followed by immobilizations on a glass substrate. Those with short nucleic acids (up to 25 nucleotides) are effective for the detection of mutations and expression monitoring, gene discovery and mapping. The oecumenic arrangement of an array experiment is shown in the avocation figure. CONSTRUCTION OF MICROARRAYS The avocation diagram shows the main steps of microarray construction. CONSTRUCTING PCR PRODUCT-BASED DNA MICROARRAYS 1.Primer Design: The equipoise step is to propose primers to amplify certain regions of genomic DNA. The simplest way to intent primers is to use the beginning and ending regions of a specific bang forth reading frames. ! 2.PCR Amplification: The aim of the whole... If you want to raise a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com

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